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Published in Scientific Papers. Series B, Horticulture, Vol. LXV, Issue 2
Written by Lucian CIOACĂ, Florin STĂNICĂ

The almond (Amygdalus communis L.) is one of the first plants to be cultivated by man since prehistory. Often the almond is mentioned in the ancient religious texts, being appreciated for its tasty and healthy fruits, but also the plant as a whole is known as a symbol of hope. The Greeks and the Romans can be considered the first almond growers, spreading this species in their colonies. Nowadays, this crop evolved from solitary trees through the vineyards, to intensive orchards and more recently, to high and super high-density orchards. New resistant cultivars to specific climatic conditions, specific rootstocks, and technology contributed to the development of almond crop technology. In this review, we point out the evolution of the cultivation technologies for the almond crop with their specific characteristics like the planting density, the rootstock vigour, the cultivars specificity, the training, and the pruning systems, the irrigation, the soil management, the fertilizers, the plant protection, etc. This paper can be a useful tool for anybody interested in almond crop technology.

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