SOIL CHARACTERISTICS INFLUENCE THE FATTY ACID PROFILE OF OLIVE OILS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series B, Horticulture, Volume LX
Written by Hakan CETINKAYA, Muhittin KULAK

Olive tree is a typical Mediterranean plant grown in Marmara, Aegean, Mediterranean and South East Anatolian regions of Turkey and important oil sources for Mediterranean countries, fulfilling 90 % of the world olive oil production. Turkey is one of the important producer and stakeholders of olive oils after Spain, Italy, Greece and Tunisia. Cultivated olive cultivars in Turkey represent high genetic diversity, which may result in a standardization problem in terms of olive production and their fatty acid composition because the constituents of the fruit and the composition of its oil mainly depend on several factors such as climate, maturity, index variety, etc. Hence, the present study was designed to investigate the optimal soil characteristics for the favourable oil quality. In the study, the olive oils from South-Eastern region in Turkey according to their fatty acid profiles using gas chromatography of their fatty acid methyl esters were characterized and compared using chemo-metrics techniques. In this context, fatty acid profiles characterization was determined on ten olive samples collected from ten different locations. For the statistical evaluation, principal component analysis, variance analysis and correlation analysis were used. Accordingly, physical properties of soils influence the chemical composition and subsequently the quality of olive oils.

[Read full article] [Citation]

CETINKAYA H., KULAK M. 2016, SOIL CHARACTERISTICS INFLUENCE THE FATTY ACID PROFILE OF OLIVE OILS. Scientific Papers. Series B, Horticulture, Volume LX, Print ISSN 2285-5653, 53-58.


The publisher is not responsible for the opinions published in the Volume. They represent the authors’ point of view.
© 2012 SCIENTIFIC PAPERS. Series B. Horticulture. All Rights Reserved. To be cited: SCIENTIFIC PAPERS. Series B. Horticulture
Powered by INTEL TECH DEVELOPMENT.