OPPORTUNITIES FOR EX-SITU CONSERVATION OF CYCLAMEN COUM MILL. IN SINITE KAMANI NATURAL PARK, EASTERN BALKAN RANGE, BULGARIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series B, Horticulture, Volume LX
Written by Neli GROZEVA, Mariya GERDZHIKOVA, Galia PANAYOTOVA, Mima TODOROVA

The protected specie Cyclamen coum Mill. is found on the territory of Sinite kamani Natural Park in Ablanovo, Chukata and before Enyova bulka areas. Main threats for its populations in the Park are the anthropogenic impact and the difficult seedling regeneration. For their conservation and for stabilizing their state, according to the assessments made, it is necessary to include both in-situ and ex-situ conservation measures. The objective of the present study is to develop a technology for growing Cyclamen coum from ripe seeds under laboratory conditions. To implement the objective numerous literary sources have been studied and biannual terrain studies of the population in Sinite kamani Natural Park have been conducted. The developed technology is successful and totally compliant with the ecological conditions of the natural habitats of the species in the Park. By applying it the species has been successfully reproduced in the scientific laboratories of the Faculty of Agriculture at Trakia University from ripe seeds to replenish the populations. The technology can be used for replenishing other natural populations of Cyclamen coum in Bulgaria as well. To establish the effectiveness of the implementation of this measure for ex-situ conservation, we need to continue observations after introducing the plants grown in laboratory conditions in order to trace their adaptation and further development and, if necessary, to take care of their conservation and stabilization of their state.

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GROZEVA N., GERDZHIKOVA M., PANAYOTOVA G., TODOROVA M. 2016, OPPORTUNITIES FOR EX-SITU CONSERVATION OF CYCLAMEN COUM MILL. IN SINITE KAMANI NATURAL PARK, EASTERN BALKAN RANGE, BULGARIA. Scientific Papers. Series B, Horticulture, Volume LX, Print ISSN 2285-5653, 233-238.


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