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Published in Scientific Papers. Series B, Horticulture, Volume LXII
Written by Vladimir Ionuț BOC

In landscape architecture, numerous researches carried out in different climatic regions around the world show that arborescent vegetation has the most significant role in the improvement of microclimate. The study is focused on the adaptation and integration of human bioclimatology and bioclimatic design principles in planting and landscape design in order to develop tree species selection methods. Thus, in order to identify the most valuable tree species, a number of criteria have been identified considering the impact of trees on the main factors influencing microclimate, such as heat, wind speed, air humidity, light, air ionization and air quality. The results consist of a comparative analysis of tree species from the temperate continental plain area. A ranking of the species was generated considering their potential favourable impact on the microclimate as well as the eco-climatic resilience of the trees. The bioclimatic values of the analysed species were attributed according to biological and ecological characteristics such as tree habitus, canopy density, longevity, carbon storage capacity, air ionization level, resistance to wind, drought and air pollution, etc. The tree species were assessed by researching specialized dendrological studies and through field observations. The conclusions reveal the most valuable bioclimatic trees species, which are classified according to the way they can be used in different types of green areas.

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