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Published in Scientific Papers. Series B, Horticulture, Volume LXII
Written by Tomina PURCARU, Camelia DIGUŢĂ, Florentina MATEI

In the past decades, clinical microbiologists, practitioners and professionals in food safety, are facing new challenges related to new born microbial pathogens as well as to the phenomenon of the antibiotic and biocide resistance developed by the pathogens. Meanwhile, in Romania has been noticed an increase in scientific publications dealing with the potential of Romanian aromatic and medicinal plants and their therapeutic use. The paper proposes a minireview on scientifically proved antimicrobial activity of aerial and underground parts of some spontaneous plant from Romanian flora. The review approaches annual and perennial plants, from herbaceous species to bushes and trees. In our search we have identified a total of 64 species from autochthonous flora involved in studies on antimicrobial activity, belonging to 21 botanical families. Among these species, 28.1% are annual plants, 46.9% are herbaceous perennial plants and the rest (25%) are woody perennial species (bushes and trees). Almost 50% of the active species belongs to Asteraceae and Lamiaceae botanical families. For 89% of the species have been reported antibacterial activity, while only 57.8% of the species have proven antifungal activity.

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