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Published in Scientific Papers. Series B, Horticulture, Vol. LXIV, Issue 1
Written by Monica Luminița BADEA, Elena DELIAN, Aurelia DOBRESCU, Liliana BĂDULESCU, Cosmin Alexandru MIHAI

Artemisia genus strong and aromatic smell is due mainly to high concentrations of volatile terpenes, constituents of their essential oils and extensive studies have been done on this issue. In this research, the analysis of the essential oil from the quantitative and qualitative point of view has been carried out for leaves, stems and flowers of Artemisia vulgaris L. species in Romania. The oil has been extracted during the flowering period, by hydro distillation and analyzed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The obtained results emphasized the presence of some major chemical compounds in leaves, such as eucalyptol, germacrene D and β-pinene. Flowers contained higher amounts of eucalyptol and borneol, while in stems, especially beta-pinene and eucalyptol have been determined. The common chemical compounds in the three vegetative organs, were β-pinene and eucalyptol, for which different values have been recorded. The highest amount of β-pinene has been recorded in the volatile oil extracted from stems (11.9%), followed by leaves (4.49%) and flowers (3.02%), respectively.

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