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Research of technology diversification of the culture of the carrot on soil brown- russets

Published in Scientific Papers. Series B. Horticulture, Vol. LVI
Written by Diana CHETREANU, Nicolae ATANASIU, Gabriela NEAŢĂ

Carrots require a deep friable soil for shapely roots. A well enriched loam deeply dug 25-30 cm is best suited for most varieties. For heavy soils is better to select short types as Carrot Rondo , Baby Type , Nantes, Chantenay Red Core. Carrot seeds are small and slow to germinate if they do not have sufficient moisture in the soil. Therefore, carrot crops require irrigation prior to germination to prevent a crust from forming on the soil which impedes germination [1,11]. A good irrigation and nutrient supply are required to enhance quick growth for good quality carrot roots. Too much nitrogen on carrots will cause excessive top growth and poor root development. Accumulating nitrates is made in the first place in leaf then in central cylinder and less in parenchyma [4].Weed management is essential for carrot crops to reduce the compete between them for sunlight , water, nutrients ,space and to produce maximum yields. A plot experiment was carried to study the cultural practices management in order to increase yield and enhance the quality of carrot roots.

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