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The harmful fauna of pear in ecological conditions of Bucharest in 2012

Published in Scientific Papers. Series B. Horticulture, Vol. LVI
Written by Iuliu CEAN, Mirela CEAN, Florin STĂNICĂ

Pears provide high-quality fruit for eating or processing, but they are susceptible to wide range of pest. The observation regarding pests from pear culture under ecological agricultural system were made in the orchard of University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest. The aim of the researches was to study the harmful fauna of pear (Pyrus communis L.) following a classical methodology. There were carried out observations on pest attack in pear plots, together with determination of the useful insect. The identification of the biological collected material was made in the Entomology Laboratory of Central Phytosanitary Laboratory. Weather conditions during spring season were favorable for certain pest emergence and development. Data on the abundance and diversity of insects found in the canopy of pear orchard are presented. Main species recorded in the spring of 2012 were: Epitrimerus pyri Nalepa, 1981 (Acari-Eriophyidae), Eriophyes pyri Pagenst, 1857 (Acari-Eriophyidae), Cacopsylla pyri (L.) (Hemiptera-Psylloidea), Cacopsylla pyricola (Förster) (Hemiptera-Psylloidea), Epidiapis leperii (Signoret, 1869) (Homoptera-Diaspididae).

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