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Published in Scientific Papers. Series B. Horticulture., Vol. LVII
Written by Elena Maria DRĂGHICI, Maria PELE, Elena DOBRIN

In Romania, soilless culture method in perlite substrate for tomato crop is still in early stages. Few farmers practice the culture on perlite substrate. Soilless cultures have many advantages such as increased yield, health and uniform product, conservation of water and land, better protects an efficient control of environmental pollution and reduce of workers for cultivation. The aim of this study was effects of perlite substrate on tomato yield and fruit quality in soilless cultivation.This study has done in the Hortiviticultural Systems Bioengineering Department, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine-Bucharest. Tomato culture was founded on mattresses filled with perlite. Experimental variants were the type of size particle of perlite from mattress. The mattresses had provided a volume of 10 l perlite / plant. We used three types of grain of perlite of 2 mm, 4 mm and 5 mm. The best results were obtained when using perlite as substrate grain 4 mm.

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