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Published in Scientific Papers. Series B, Horticulture, Volume LVIII
Written by Costel VÎNĂTORU, Bianca ZAMFIR, Camelia BRATU, Petre Marian BREZEANU

In order to prevent biological degradation and impurification over time of local population 'Cornul Caprei', was included in the preservation and valorization program of autochthonous genetic patrimony initiated in 1996 at V.R.D.S. Buzau. In the vegetable basin Buzau, this cultivar has a tradition regarding presence in culture and application. It is known for over 200 years by traditional vegetable growers. This paper presents the genealogy of the local population, quality characteristics and productivity potential resistance to pathogens and vegetation period. This local population has attracted particular attention by its uniqueness, cultivar with long, large fruits, similar to those of long pepper but, at technical and physiological maturity are colored in yellow-orange and are hot. After a detailed evaluation of the main characteristics it was found that in this local population are found several biotypes and 3 of them have distinct expressivity. Were retained the lines L16, L17A, L17 B and the intermediary form were eliminated. The improvement methods used were the ones particular to the species, especially intraspecific hybridization between valuable lines. Resulting hybrid populations were subjected to repeated individual selection for 6 generations. The main objective of this paper was achieved. The line L17 A, being representative for this population, was obtained in 2012 and submitted at ISTIS for homologation and patenting. For this improved cultivar was kept the original consecrated name, 'Cornul Caprei'. The initial material is a valuable reservoir of genes for obtaining new creations.

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