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Published in Scientific Papers. Series B, Horticulture, Volume LIX
Written by Cosmin MIHAI, Florin STĂNICĂ

Species of birds that are useful to horticultural ecosystems have been identified between December 2014 and February 2015 in several ecosystems: Agronomie-Herăstrău Campus of the University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine in Bucharest, the orchard of Moara Domnească Didactic Station and the Dendrologycal Park in Chitila town. Species that are highly useful for plant protection have been identified at feeding hearths specially arranged in the mentioned horticultural ecosystems. Among other species, insectivorous and sedentary species like tit (Paride) and even winter guests in the Romanian Plain such as fieldfare (Turdus pilaris) – the latter hygienizing orchards while feeding with fruits in trees or fallen fruits, were observed. The proper identification of useful ornithofauna in a certain horticultural ecosystem is the first step for protecting such an ecosystem and, at the same time, the starting point for devising proper action plans to fight pests in integrated and ecological production systems. For horticultural ecosystems with landscaping architecture, identifying the existing species of birds helps diversifying the recreation alternatives (e.g. bird watching).

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