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Published in Scientific Papers. Series B, Horticulture, Vol. LXVII, Issue 1
Written by Cristina MOALE, Leinar SEPTAR, Corina GAVĂT, Alexandru OPRIȚĂ, Ion CAPLAN, Gheorghe LĂMUREANU

In Dobrogea the culture of the peach tree has had great perspectives even from the beginning due to the extremely favorable climate. The peach species loves warm weather and has always found good growing and harvesting conditions in the south-eastern part of Romania. In this period, 7 Romanian and foreign peach tree cultivars were studied at Research Station for Fruit Growing (RSFG) Constanta: 'Mimi’, 'Catherine sel.1’, 'Springcrest’, 'Raluca’, 'Cardinal’ 'Filip’ and 'Cora’. This paper presents the manner in which certain peach tree cultivars reacted to frost in the springtime of 2020, 2021 and 2022, as well as the effect of the hail on Jun 14th, 2022 on the peach production. The greatest losses caused by the frost were registered in the spring-time of 2020 as far as the fructiferous buds are concerned: 90% at 'Springcrest’, 80% at 'Cardinal’, 60% at 'Raluca’ and 'Filip’, 40% at 'Mimi’, 'Cora’ and 'Catherine sel.1’, 20%. The losses caused by the hail on July 14th, 2022 affected the production of the 'Springcrest’ cultivar by 80% and of the 'Cardinal’ and 'Cora’ by 70%. The climatic changes that have been registered throughout the past 10 years have negatively influenced the culture of the peach tree and the effects have been classified according to the cultivar and its biology, as well as to the topographic placement of the allotments. The studies that have been carried out, together with the obtained results demonstrate the importance of choosing the cultivar assortment taking into account the favorability of the area, as well as the importance of installing anti-hail nets when setting up fruit-growing plantations.

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