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Published in Scientific Papers. Series B, Horticulture, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2
Written by Viorel STOICA, Dorel HOZA

In the last decade, European consumer demand for organic or ecological products has increased. Ecological agriculture has the potential to reduce negative impacts on humans and ecosystems, but its productivity compared to conventional agriculture remains a controversial issue. Consumers began to look for safer and better controlled fruits, produced in a more ecological environment. Organically produced fruits are considered to satisfy consumer demands while having a favorable impact on the environment and human health. European Union guidelines on organic production prohibit the use of synthetic products (fertilizers and plant protection methods). The principles for organic farming are similar in different European countries and the permitted inputs are regulated by law. In this paper, we proposed to present principles and rules in ecological fruit growing sector, as well as fertilizers and varieties recommended for apple culture in an ecological system in Romania.

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