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Published in Scientific Papers. Series B, Horticulture, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2
Written by Ioana-Cătălina NICOLAE, Oana VENAT, Adrian George PETICILĂ, Dorel HOZA

Plants are an essential resource for the existence of our planet. They sustain the ecosystems, produce the oxygen that is mandatory for the life of the other species and they are a source of fibres, medicine, materials and, the most important, they are our main source of food. In recent years, plant species are more and more threatened with extinction, due to urbanization, the development of various industries and habitat destruction. In addition to direct anthropological factors, natural habitats are endangered by climatic changes, changes that result in natural disasters as floods, bush fires, extreme temperatures and irregular precipitations. Conserving the plant species in in situ conditions, botanical gardens or field conditions exposes the germplasm to the risk of loss due to all these climatic accidents, and in vitro conservation techniques, such as synthetic seeds can provide a valuable solution for the future of our plant resources.

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