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Published in Scientific Papers. Series B, Horticulture, Vol. LXVI, Issue 2
Written by Cristinel Relu ZALĂ, Rada ISTRATE, Mali-Sanda MANOLE

The work is inspired by the concerns of biologist and botanist Traian Săvulescu (1889-1963), founder of the Romanian School of Phytopathology, who in 1928 founded the annual publication Phytosanitary condition in Romania, which presented the manifestation of various diseases in many host plant species, the first publication of this type in the world, followed by similar publications in the United States, Germany, and the Netherlands. Later, the entomologist Constantin Manolache (1906-1977), together with various collaborators, began to publish the situation of animal pests of plants grown in Romania. Both Traian Săvulescu and Constantin Manolache were teachers at the "Nicolae Bălcescu" Agronomic Institute in Bucharest. Fruit tree biodiversity is crucial for nutrition and ecosystem resilience around the world. Phytopathogenic and entomological biodiversity is of particular importance because diseases and pests of fruit trees cause significant loss of quality and quantity. Phytosanitary control plays an important role in reducing these losses. This paper presents the diseases and pests detected in fruit tree species in the experimental field of the Faculty of Horticulture-UASVM Bucharest, during the vegetation period of 2020 and 2021.

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