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Published in Scientific Papers. Series B, Horticulture, Vol. LXIV, Issue 1
Written by Ion GHERASE, Elena BARCANU, Ovidia Loredana AGAPIE, Bianca Elena TĂNASE, Geanina NEGOȘANU, Costel VÎNĂTORU

Amaranthaceae family has a valuable number of over 600 species, but in Romania is not so much cultivated. The plant has multiple uses: decorative, food, medicinal and energetic, but also is a weed in the wild flora. VRDS Buzau, through Breeding and Biodiversity Laboratory, has shown more interest for this plant, realizing until now a valuable germplasm collection. In this study were selected 11 genotypes of Amaranthus from the germplasm collection. The research aimed was to study the adaptability to the pedoclimatic conditions in south of Romania and analysing the agronomic traits. The agro-morphological characters were statistically analysed and significant differences were found in the diameter of the bush, the length of the panicle, as well as the number of main branches. The genotypes had different types of the inflorescences, thus 9.1% were semi-drooping, completely drooping 36.5% and straight inflorescences 54.4%.The colour of the inflorescence also had variations from light green to dark pink. In conclusion, V.R.D.S. has a large variety of genotypes in this species and the research will continue by enriching the germplasm collection in order to obtain new cultivars.

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