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Published in Scientific Papers. Series B, Horticulture, Vol. LXIV, Issue 1
Written by Daniel RĂDUȚOIU

The spontaneous flora of Oltenia brings together about 2/3 of the existing plants in Romania. The diversity of climatic, relief and soil conditions has led to this high phytodiversity. Many of the spontaneous plants that vegetate in this part of the country have a high ornamental potential (ex. Acanthus balcanicus, Adonis vernalis, Aster tripolium subsp. pannonicus Fritillaria meleagris, Galanthus elwesii, Hesperis pycnotricha, Limonium tomentellum, Salvia sclarea, etc.). They can be used to decorate green spaces in the urban and peri-urban areas of the cities of Oltenia. The urbanization and agriculture practiced in the last period of time are the perfect pair that leads to the decrease of the phytodiversity and to the reduction of the area of many species of plants. In this paper it is desired to bring to the attention of all those interested in the floral diversity of the spontaneous ornamental plants of Oltenia, highlighting those that are better suited to the conditions offered by urban and peri-urban areas in this part of the country. In order to highlight the chromatic diversity offered by these species, an analysis of the decorative parts is made and finally the advantages of using spontaneous flora in the decoration of green spaces are presented.

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