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Published in Scientific Papers. Series B, Horticulture, Vol. LXIV, Issue 1
Written by Hadi Hoobi SHALLAL, Florin STĂNICĂ, Adrian George PETICILĂ, Ana Cornelia BUTCARU, Cătălina Ioana NICOLAE

Artificial seeds technology allows to produce in large quantities, in vitro somatic embryos for seedless plant that share some similar properties of natural embryos, and can be used for in field propagation of selected plant species that have commercial value. Somatic embryos are the primary plant material for the production of synthetic seeds. This technology contributes to supply genetically homogeneous seeds, unlike traditional hybrid seeds, obtained from a gametic process which are known to produce plants that are different from the characteristics of the parent plants. They simply encapsulate the somatic embryos with a mixture of nutrient gel that contains carbon, organic and inorganic salts, vitamins, hormones, and antimicrobials to protect embryos from damage. It also allows the growth and germination to happen without unwanted differences. This study inquires the artificial seeds technology and their importance in facing the actual challenges of plant production. Previous studies have been reviewed for a better understanding of the field of artificial seed production.

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