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Published in Scientific Papers. Series B, Horticulture, Vol. LXIV, Issue 1
Written by Costel VÎNĂTORU, Adrian PETICILĂ, Elena BARCANU, Bianca MUȘAT, Camelia BRATU, Ovidia Loredana AGAPIE

Perilla frutescens originates in Asia and is widely grown in China, Japan, South Korea, Vietnam and India. China is considered to be the center of origin; therefore, in some areas of Asia, Perilla Nanking or Sisho is considered a sacred plant. In Europe, Perilla sp. has entered rather late, appreciated for its economic properties, and used for its oils or as an ornamental plant, although, it occupies quite small areas.In Romania, the plant was studied after 2010 by the Breeding and Biodiversity Laboratory Buzau, obtaining three genetically stable genotypes from which two genotypes are the subject of this work. The genotypes taken in the study were phenotypically analysed, while biochemical laboratory analyses were also performed. Regarding the content of volatile oil, there were no differences between genotypes (0.4 mL/kg), while the content in total polyphenols has variations from 3.94 to 6.26%; the contents in flavones ranged from 1.19% to 0.49, and the content in pectin also varied from 7.68 to 11.29%.

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